SINGAPORE, Sept 15 (Reuters) - Bank of America's purchase of Merrill Lynch in a $50 billion deal highlights the risk Singapore's Temasek [TEM.UL] and other sovereign funds took in betting on a financial sector whose troubles are far from over.
The $131 billion Singapore state fund has ploughed over $5 billion into Merrill, but the value of the investment plunged when the U.S. bank suffered massive losses from risky housing debt, before Merrill agreed to halve Temasek's purchase price in July.
With an average price of between $23 and $24 paid per Merrill MER.N share, Temasek could make a small paper gain given Bank of America (BAC.N) is paying $29 a share in an all-stock deal for the third-biggest global investment bank.
Temasek will end up owning shares in Bank of America, a bank with a much bigger franchise but with the challenge of integration and dealing with Merrill's bad debts. Analysts said it was unclear if Temasek will sell or hold for the long-term.
"If you are a long-term investor and have a five- to 10-year horizon, then whether you make a profit or a loss on Bank of America's share price shouldn't be an issue for you now," an analyst, familiar with the workings of the fund, told Reuters.
A Temasek spokesman declined to comment on the sovereign fund's next move.
A second source with knowledge of the fund said Temasek is waiting for more clarity from Merrill CEO John Thain on a investor conference call later on Monday.
In Dubai, state-owned investment agency Mubadala said it was not looking to bail out any financial companies in difficulty.
"There is a good amount of volatility and it is not the best time to invest," Chief Operating Officer Waleed al-Muhairi told Reuters. "Right now, we, like some others, will wait and see."
Mubadala had a 7.5 percent stake in U.S. private equity firm Carlyle Group [CYL.UL] as of February.
With Lehman Brothers LEH.N filing for bankruptcy on Monday, the crisis has claimed the second major investment bank in the United States after the U.S. government backed a fire sale of Bear Stearns to JPMorgan (JPM.N) in March.
Standard & Poor's analyst Anshukant Taneja, which rates Temasek AAA, told Reuters last month the fund's large exposure to financials increased its vulnerability to unpredictable asset cycles and contagion.
But Temasek officials said then they saw opportunities in financials and said the fund would not cap its investments in that sector, which grew to 40 percent of its portfolio in the year to end-March from 38 percent previously.
But analysts said the changing landscape means previously strong growth in the financial sector would be crimped as banks scale back risky investments.
"The next 5-10 years will see that over-expansion reverse and it will be difficult for investors in financial assets," said Singapore-based Peter Douglas, founder of hedge fund consultancy GFIA. (Additional reporting by Stanley Carvalho in DUBAI; Editing by Neil Chatterjee and Lincoln Feast)